|One-Eleven Panel Manual|
Displays Indicated Airspeed (IAS) in Knots.
The scale splits at 200 kts with the knots reading continuing 250,300,350,400 on the inside. The outer section displays a rotating mach number scale, so that the needle points to both knots IAS and Mach at the same time.
The red/yellow barber pole shows the maximum allowed speed (VMO & MMO). If this speed is exceeded the overspeed warning will be given.
Visual representation of the aircraft's bank & pitch angles.
The scale across the top shows marks for 0, 10, 20, 30 degrees of bank. The outer mark is at 60 degrees.
The scale on the inside shows a pitch scale up/down in 5 degree intervals.
The point at the top of the orange triangle is where the pitch reading is taken.
The white pointer down the left side is a glidslope indicator, with dots showing the maximum deflection top & bottom.
The two yellow triangles show the required bank from the flight director. The idea is that if you keep the triangles on the ends of the wings, you are on the correct course.
The Flight Director can be used with or without the autopilot being switched on.
When the Flight Director is inactive a red 'COMPUTER' flag shows bottom right.
The Pitch Command knob (bottom left) can be used to manually set the FD pitch pointer up or down.
The knob bottom right turns the flight director on & off.
Displays height above sea level in feet.
The number at the top is the altitude hold setting. This is the value that the autopilot will hold when the 'ALT' button is pressed. Alter the setting by clicking either side of the value.
Altimeters need to be adjusted according to local pressure readings. These readings are given out by ATC & also by ground information radio channels at airports.
The model gives this pressure setting in the most common units used in FS, inches of mercury. The picture on the left shows a setting of 29.92 inches of mercury.
You can click either side of the numbers to increase or decrease the pressure setting.
HSI (Horizontal Situation
Also known as CDI (Course Direction Indicator)
Visual representation of the aircraft's heading & the aircraft's position in relation to any beacon tuned in on the NAV1 receiver.
This gauge also sets the Heading & Course values which are used in the 'HEADING' & 'LOC/VOR' modes of the autopilot. Click on the relevant dial (bottom left & right) to adjust these values.
The Heading bug is triangular & orange. The Course bug is pointed. The course setting is also shown by the numbers in the top left corner.
There are localizer & Glideslope indicators. Each one returns to it's central position & shows a flag if there is no signal currently being received.
The localizer line moves sideways relative to the Course bug. The four dots provide a scale with the outer dots being the maximum deflection of the instrument.
The Glideslope pointer moves up & down on the left, again with dots showing the maximum deflection top & bottom.
The distance from the beacon is shown in nautical miles in the top right corner.
The gauge pictured here is from an aircraft that is already turning left to settle onto the localizer beam (course 240) & which is flying just below the glideslope with 8 natical miles to run.
VSI (Vertical Speed
Shows the vertical speed in thousands of feet per minute.
To a maximum of 6000 ft/min in either direction.
If you tune your NAV1 or NAV2 receiver to the frequency of a VOR beacon, the VOR instrument will automatically display the direction to you.
The single lined arrow shows the direction for NAV1 & the double lined arrow is for NAV2.
If you tune your ADF receivers to the frequency of an ADF beacon, the instrument can also automatically show the direction to that beacon.
You can swap between VOR & ADF using the switches at the bottom.
ADF beacons are less complex devices than VOR beacons. They only emit a single signal & are less accurate.
A VOR beacon radiates separate beams for every degree of the compass.
DME 2 (Distance Measuring
This gauge displays the distance to any DME supporting beacon that is tuned into your NAV2 receiver. It displays distance in nautical miles.
The main DME for NAV1 is located on the Horizontal Situation Indicator.
Most VOR & ILS becons support DME, but some do not.
If no DME signal is being received, the gauge shows a yellow line across the numbers.
Later DME equipment also displayed ground speed & estimated time to the beacon. This information is available if you move over the gauge with the mouse cursor.
Displays the aircraft's height over the ground directly below it. It gives an accurate & reliable reading during approach & landing.
This gauge is also used to set the decision height for landing. The decision height bug can be moved by clicking either side of the gauge with the mouse. Click the right side to increase the decision height, click the left side to decreases it.
Master Warning Light
Lights red when a major warning light is lit elsewhere in the cockpit. Can be cancelled/reset by clicking.
Covers the following :-
Engine Overheat, Overspeed, Stall Warning, Ice detection, Hydraulic Failure, Engine Fire, Generator/Electrical fail, Fuel cutoff, Low Oil Pressure.
Stick Pusher (stall warning)
'Stick Push' will light amber if the aircraft is about to stall. The model has an automatic 'stick push' action, but it is rather crude in FS (especially when viewed in the VC!!).
'Pusher Fail' will also light if the hydraulic system has failed.
Spoiler & Lift Off lights
Top lights up red whenever the spoilers are extended.
This model does not have auto spoilers.
The bottom light is blue & lights up when the main wheels leave the runway on takeoff.
Speed Reference Chinagraph
The crew had to work out the correct takeoff & landing speeds for their flight & would write them down on a little chinagraph.
If you click this little pad it will calculate & write down the correct speeds for you.
It works out the speeds according to the charts in the flight manual for the 1-11's current weight & flap setting.
V1 - Max speed to abort takeoff (The V1 given is only a guess, as it depends on runway length)
Vr - Rotate speed (Takeoff)
V2 - Safe flying speed
Vat - Landing speed (At runway threshold with full flap)
OMI (Outer Middle
These indicators light up in turn when the aircraft is over the relevant marker during the approach to an airport.
Blue for Outer, Orange for Middle, White for Inner.
Not every airport will have all of these markers.
Ground Proximity light
Lights up when the aircraft reaches the decision height that is set on the Radio Altimeter.
If the runway can not be seen at this point, or the approach is not good, the landing should be aborted.
Shows a central position with three standard rate markers each for left & right turns.
The outer marker shows a standard 2 minute rate turn (time taken for a full 360 degree turn).
The middle marker shows a half rate turn (ie. it would take 4 mins to do a 360 degrees turn).
The inner marker (half line) shows quarter rate.
It is usual to use only half rate (or 4 min turn rate) in a large jet.
The turn is considered 'coordinated' when the bubble indicator is central.
Control Surface Deflections
Displays any surface deflection for Rudder, Aileron & Elevator.